DRINKING WATER STANDARDS, MONITORING,
TABLE OF CONTENTS
62-550.101 Authority, Intent, and Policy. (Repealed) 2
62-550.102 Intent and Scope. 2
62-550.103 Effective Date. (Repealed) 3
62-550.200 Definitions for Public Water Systems. 3
62-550.300 Application of Quality Standards to Public Water Systems. 12
62-550.310 Primary Drinking Water Standards: Maximum Contaminant Levels and Maximum Residual disinfectant Levels. 13
62-550.315 Primary Drinking Water Standards: Treatment Technique Requirements. 16
62-550.320 Secondary Drinking Water Standards: Maximum Contaminant Levels. 16
62-550.325 Secondary Drinking Water Standards: Treatment Technique Requirements for Control of Iron and Manganese. 17
62-550.330 Other Contaminants Without a Standard. 17
62-550.335 Relationship Among Rules 62-550.300-.690, F.A.C. (Repealed) 17
62-550.340 Small System Compliance Technologies. 17
62-550.400 General Requirements for Unregulated Contaminants. (Repealed) 18
62-550.405 Group I Unregulated Organic Contaminants. (Repealed) 19
62-550.410 Group II Unregulated Organic Contaminants. (Repealed) 19
62-550.415 Group III Unregulated Organic Contaminants. (Repealed) 19
62-550.500 General Monitoring and Compliance Measurement Requirements for Contaminants and Disinfectant Residuals. 19
62-550.511 Asbestos Monitoring Requirements. 22
62-550.512 Nitrate and Nitrite Monitoring Requirements. 23
62-550.513 Inorganic Contaminants Monitoring Requirements. 24
62-550.514 Disinfectant Residuals and Disinfection Byproducts Monitoring Requirements. 25
62-550.515 Volatile Organic Contaminants Monitoring Requirements. 25
62-550.516 Synthetic Organic Contaminants Monitoring Requirements. 26
62-550.517 Physical Characteristics Monitoring Requirements. 27
62-550.518 Microbiological Monitoring Requirements. 28
62-550.519 Radionuclides Monitoring Requirements. 33
62-550.520 Secondary Contaminants Monitoring Requirements. 38
62-550.521 Unregulated Contaminants Monitoring Requirements. 39
62-550.540 Monitoring of Consecutive Public Water Systems. 39
62-550.550 Certified Laboratories and Analytical Methods for Public Water Systems. 40
62-550.560 Monitoring Requirements for Surface Water Systems and Ground Water Systems Under the Direct Influence of Surface Water. (Repealed) 43
62-550.590 Public Water System Monitoring Information and Monitoring Schedule. (Repealed) 43
62-550.700 General. (Repealed) 43
62-550.710 Surveillance. (Repealed) 43
62-550.720 Recordkeeping. 43
62-550.730 Reporting Requirements for Public Water Systems. 44
62-550.740 Location of Records. (Repealed) 49
62-550.800 Control of Lead and Copper. 49
62-550.817 Additional Requirements for Subpart H Water Systems. 49
62-550.821 Disinfectant Residuals, Disinfection Byproducts, and Disinfection Byproduct Precursors. 61
62-550.824 Consumer Confidence Reports. 66
MAXIMUM CONTAMINANT LEVELS FOR INORGANIC COMPOUNDS 75
TABLE 2 76
MAXIMUM RESIDUAL DISINFECTANT LEVELS 76
TABLE 3 76
STAGE 1 MAXIMUM CONTAMINANT LEVELS FOR DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS 76
Abbreviations Used: MCL = maximum contaminant level; 76
TABLE 4 77
MAXIMUM CONTAMINANT LEVELS FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS 77
TABLE 5 78
MAXIMUM CONTAMINANT LEVELS FOR SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS 78
TABLE 6 80
SECONDARY DRINKING WATER STANDARDS 80
TABLE 7: MONITORING FREQUENCIES AND LOCATIONS 81
TABLE 8: INITIAL OR ROUTINE MONITORING SCHEDULE 87
REFERENCE RULE 62-550.500(3) 87
PURPOSE AND INTENT
62-550.101 Authority, Intent, and Policy. (Repealed)
Specific Authority 403.861(1), FS. Law Implemented 403.851, FS. History -- New 11-9-77; Formerly 17-22.101; Amended 1-18-89, Formerly 17-550.101, Repealed 12-9-96.
62-550.102 Intent and Scope.
(1) To assure that public water systems supply drinking water which meets minimum requirements, the Federal Government enacted PL 93-523, the "Safe Drinking Water Act." The scheme of that law was to give primary responsibility for public water systems programs to states to implement a public water system program. Also, the legislature of Florida has enacted the "Florida Safe Drinking Water Act," sections 403.850-403.864, F.S. This chapter and chapters 62-555 and 62-560, F.A.C., are promulgated to implement the requirements of the Florida Safe Drinking Water Act and to acquire and maintain primacy for Florida under the Federal Act. This chapter and chapter 62-555 and 62-560, F.A.C., adopt national primary and secondary drinking water standards of the Federal Government where possible, and otherwise create additional rules to fulfill state and Federal requirements.
(2) The Safe Drinking Water Act and the Florida Safe Drinking Water Act exclude certain public water systems from coverage. The drinking water rules in chapters 62-550, 62-555, and 62-560, F.A.C., apply to all public water systems except those which meet all of the following criteria:
(a) Consist of distribution and storage facilities only and do not have any collection or treatment facilities;
(b) Obtain all water from, but are not owned or operated by, a public water system to which such rules apply;
(c) Do not sell water to any person; and
(d) Are not carriers which convey passengers in interstate commerce.
(3) For the purpose of subsection (2) above, the phrase “sell water to any person” shall mean distribute water to land owned by another person as well as bill separately or specifically for the water. Also, for the purpose of subsection (2) above, the phrase “treatment facilities” shall exclude treatment facilities that are not necessary to achieve, and will not adversely affect, compliance with applicable drinking water standards and requirements.
(4) This chapter sets the drinking water standards, monitoring requirements, and treatment techniques to be met by public water systems and the testing protocol required for certified laboratories.
(5) Chapter 62-555, F.A.C., sets the permitting requirements for public water systems including the location and construction of wells serving the system and the treatment plant. Construction of public water systems require permits and the use of lead free pipes, plumbing fixtures, solder and flux. General permits for public water systems are included. Engineering references are listed.
(6) Chapter 62-560, F.A.C., gives the description of the violations of Chapters 62-550, 62-555, and 62-560, F.A.C., and the resulting penalties. In addition, this chapter describes public notification requirements for public water systems that do not meet applicable maximum contaminant levels, maximum residual disinfectant levels, and treat technique requirements; do not meet applicable monitoring requirements; or have a variance or exemption. This chapter also describes the availability and processes for receiving variances, exemptions, and waivers. Additionally, Best Available Technology is listed for various contaminants and disinfectant residuals.
Specific Authority 403.861(9), FS. Law Implemented 403.851, 403.853, FS. History -- New 11-9-77, Amended 1-13-81, Formerly 17-22.102, Amended 1-18-89, Formerly 17-550.102, Amended 12-9-96, 11-27-01, 4-3-03, 11-28-04.
NOTE: Section 381.261, F.S., gives general supervision and control over all private water systems and public water systems not covered or included in the Florida Safe Drinking Water Act to the Department of Health (DOH). The Department interprets this as meaning that DOH has supervision and control of all water systems which meet all of the four exception criteria and which also have at least 15 service connections or which regularly serve at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year. The Department also interprets Section 381.261, F.S., as meaning that DOH has supervision and control of all water systems that have less than 15 service connections or which regularly serve less than 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year, or at least 25 individuals daily less than 60 days out of the year.